Fibromyalgia in recent years has attracted the interest of research because more and more cases are being associated with this syndrome, which is often confused and identified as “back pain”, arthritis or other diseases that cause deformations of adhered structures .
Fibromyalgia in synthesis
This syndrome is defined as a condition that the main objective muscles and their insertions with the bones in the region of the back.
This disorder is defined by the Italian Fibromyalgia Syndrome Association (AISF), as a form of extra-articular rheumatism or soft tissue.
There is also an increase in muscle tension, especially during movement, as well as chronic pain in the tendons and ligaments. Generalized discomfort often associated with stiffness, fatigue and fatigue. This condition can degrade in sleep because you feel too much stimulation and discomfort during the night also causes a drop in serotonin levels.
All this series of symptoms causes discomfort that can also affect mental stability and give rise to understandable angiogenic consequences instead of depressive phenomena in affected patients.
In summary , the most common symptoms of fibromyalgia are:
- sleep disorders
- musculotensive or migraine
- Fatigue and weakness
- Rigidity in movements, especially in the morning.
- Alve irregular (constipation or diarrhea)
- Tingling and stinging sensations.
- Diuresis disturbance (possible burn)
- Swelling in the extremities of the upper extremities.
- Problems in the thoracic region.
- Brain disorders (memory loss, decreased concentration, anxiety, depression)
The most serious problem in these cases is the fact that it is not possible to diagnose this condition 100%, so it is necessary to investigate at the clinical level to determine the possible presence of this syndrome that could be due to: Work done by the subject. Genetic familiarity, allergic reactions or damage to the immune system.
Possible strategies to combat this syndrome are being studied.
As there is no specific cure, the medications used are limited only to counteract the presence of symptoms, often ineffective. At present, the best strategy is represented by a healthy lifestyle that includes a proper and balanced diet of individual nutrients, as well as the practice of the activity. In particular, it is precisely in sport that our attention is focused.
It is because it is a syndrome that affects and weakens the muscles, it is important to intervene with the movement to reverse this situation.
In patients with fibromyalgia, exercise is indicated for symptomatic treatment, but little is known about the actual inflammatory response to exercise and the changes that develop in these patients.
Although the physiological influence of exercise is still unclear, many studies show the effectiveness of movement, especially in reducing the perception of pain and muscle gain, factors that contribute to the reduction of symptoms. . In particular, soft sports disciplines such as Pilates and Biodanza have shown benefits in this direction. Physical exercise can also have a positive psychological impact by promoting the reduction of anxiety and improving the mood of fibromyalgia patients.
Therefore, from the many studies, it is clear that physical activity and movement are essential for the treatment of fibromyalgia. It is important to establish an individualized training route aimed at the gradual improvement of the muscles, otherwise, improper exercises could even worsen the symptoms. For this reason, it is recommended to maintain an active life without limiting normal daily activities, avoiding prolonged periods of inactivity and practicing moderate sports activities depending on the individual’s training. It is also essential to contact a professional who can advise you on the right way to do it. ..
Dr. Francesco Garritano